2011 works: The Human Clay exhibition

University of Surrey has a vibrant Public arts programme with 30 sculptures and busts around the campus, including works by Bridget McCrum, John Mills, Diane Maclean and William Pye. Jon Edgar’s solo exhibition there in Nov/Dec 2011 was linked with his Surrey Sculpture Society Autumn lecture, to which about 75 attended. For those that did not see the Lewis Elton Gallery show, here are the new 2011 works and a summary of the catalogue text.

The Carved Sculptures
Edgar’s improvisational methods include not selecting blocks so much as them selecting him, so their material and proportions – which influences the final form – are incredibly variable. Carvings are initiated without prior thought; maquettes are seen by the artist as deadening to the creative process. He feels that mere translation of intent is akin to the experience of a chain-gang worker. When forms start to appear, the block is often turned to suppress these until richer, more ambiguous imagery emerges. The very process seems to open or divide the block further to enable a wider selection of forms for consideration.

A portrait to mark the exhibition – Patricia Grayburn
Pat Grayburn MBE DL has been involved with the arts in the county for nearly 30 years after moving to become Arts Administrator at University of Surrey in 1983. She is responsible for the breadth of public art across the campus and was awarded the MBE for services to the arts in 2004. As well as being a Deputy Lieutenant of Surrey, she is Executive Director of the Guildford International Music Festival, Chair of the Guildford Book Festival and Committee member of  the Yvonne Arnauld Theatre Trust, Royal Ballet Benevolent Fund and Guildford Arts as well as other local societies. The artist made a direct request, and she kindly agreed to sit for the portrait unveiled here. During the sitting Edgar learnt that whilst working for London County Council, Grayburn had commissioned the Blind Beggar and his Dog sculpture for Bethnal Green, one of Elisabeth Frink’s earliest commissions.

The Human Clay?
The portrait of the musician and poet Stephen Duffy is displayed as it was his song lyrics which inspired the title for the exhibition. The lines originate from W.H Auden’s poem
‘Letter to Lord Byron’:
To me Art’s subject
is the human clay
And landscape but
a background to a torso
All Cézanne’s apples
I would give away
For one small Goya
or a Daumier.

The Environment Series
Sculptor Jon Edgar’s Environment Series of clay heads marks some of those who have contributed to a potential better future, and include the writer Richard Mabey, scientist James Lovelock, Eden Project’s Tim Smit and Riverford Organic’s Guy Watson. Sitters are invited to participate in a barter of time. The breadth of this sculptor’s archive of heads has permitted a bespoke selection for the University of Surrey exhibition; the distinguished climate scientist Professor Chris Rapley was formerly Director of the Science Museum and British Antarctic Survey and lives locally. Shalford-based automotive and ex-Formula 1 designer Gordon Murray was chosen for his developing contribution to small car design. The heads exhibited gave insights into the characters of these creative and motivated personalities.

Winklestone from the Surrey borders
In the early 1800s, Winklestone rivalled many of the stones which were routinely imported from the continent. A kind of shell marble occurring in the Wealden clay just south of Blackdown, its quarrying was concentrated on the Egremont Estate. It was used in Westminster Abbey in Edward the Confessor’s Chapel and the tomb of Edward III and of Richard II and his Queen. The Archbishop’s Chair in Canterbury Cathedral is an entire piece of the stone. These facts are now little known, but were interesting to a sculptor exploring interesting stones to carve in an area which did not have a geology yielding an obvious carving freestone. Back in 2008, enquiries were made through for a source of the freshwater marble which developed in shallow lakes in relatively thin layers. Edgar was alerted to a seam of the rock that had been uncovered as part of new foundations at Sparrwood Farm at Plaistow; several works, including Block IV (right) were exhibited from this source just over the Surrey border.

The Compton Triptych
Edgar searched for local clay in the parish to work on a head of the former curator of the Watts Gallery, Richard Jefferies. Mary Watts initiated the Compton Pottery in 1890s utilising the seam of clay found at Limnerslease, the house next to her artist husband G.F.Watts’ studio. Whilst this had long since been exhausted, it seemed an appropriate plan to use local materials for the head, and the sculptor chanced upon the Brickfields Pottery after traipsing along stream banks searching for suitable material. Meeting the potter Mary Wondrausch, the plan became more complicated. She kindly mentioned a bag of clay quarried from work on the foundations of her house… but Edgar left Compton feeling that it would be sacrilegious not to use the material for a sitting with the remarkable person he had just met. This left an odd balance. Having used three elements in combination before, it seemed right to think of a third head for a Compton Triptych. After an appeal through the local press suggested a number of candidates both living and historic, Edgar thought it fairest to select solely on the strength of feeling in the parish, as all suggestions were equally heartfelt. This was an odd mechanism for a selection by a visual artist – the sculptor had thus not even seen the subject prior to starting the head – but this just made the project more interesting. The resulting work’s three elements balance artist, historian and Jane Turner as one of the community lynchpins which bind this diverse parish together. A final note: ‘Nothing ever goes quite to plan. Despite the higher firing temperature of the third head, the colour of the clay seemed oddly different. Uncovering some fired clay samples whilst preparing for the exhibition, I then slowly scrutinised the clay store and found a bag with “MW” scrawled on it – denoting Wondrausch’s initials. Which was odd – but I now realise that my presumed Compton “C” bag was actually the remainder from a head of sculptor Mat Chivers; clay dug from the ground in North Dartmoor. Perhaps a subconscious indication that communities are made more vibrant by a combination of the local and the foreign? I still have the final bag of Compton Clay… ‘

New Works in Relief 
The Slate carving Charmer (left) is one of several new works which show the role of improvisation for this artist; the block started out with a random letter-cut on the horizontal slab, which was intended to act as a prompt for exploring what words/language might come. This proved to be merely a start, with the block pulling itself from the horizontal to the vertical and with strongly figurative imagery by the time carving ceased. The sculptor is not exactly sure of the derivation of the new reliefs, which include the 2 metre long carving in lime, Blowing in the Wind (below) which started as a single vertical figure. Faunal (bottom right) displays in relief but is carved on both front and back and can sit happily on any of its edges, as can the granite Igneous (right). One possible influence or inspiration for the dominance of the relief form in recent works has been the presence of a sculptural frieze on a fragment of stone column, discovered by the artist and presently being written up for Britannia, the Journal of Roman Studies. The sculpture is now believed to be circa 1st century AD and an important new find for the nation. Whether its qualities have subconsciously influenced the decision to select blocks which have previously been passed by can only be surmised.

Carving blocks with provenance
Interesting histories seem to help Edgar’s carvings develop and some pieces link to particular locations or people. A newspaper article in Spring 2008 described how disease forced the felling of a Cedar tree next to HRH The Prince of Wales’ home at Highgrove. Edgar put pen to paper, wondering whether His Royal Highness had retained any of the tree after its sad loss. A reply was received with the gracious offer of one of the blocks. At Highgrove, several sections of the cedar were selected and in 2009, two blocks were worked which are now on loan to the Cotswold Care Hospice of which HRH is Patron. The third block, Tipping Point (left), was finished 5 days before this exhibition started – the scent of fresh cedarwood remained.

Click on any of the images for a larger view.

Link to archive of works

The human clay: Compton

It was magical to discover that the painter I studied with at The Frink School (and recently visited in Edinburgh) Ruth Addinall, had come across artist Mary Wondrausch‘s wonderful book Brickfields and corresponded with her.

Wondrausch’s slipware has a historical resonance and is in the V&A Collection, but her broader talents have resulted in a house and garden to rival Charleston for colour and placement – her pots, her plantings, her paintings, historical kitchenalia and rustic European pottery… underpinned by her historical research on our relationship with food and writings exploring such curiosities as potted Char, salt and spice containers. We have recently planted a Quince tree as a result of the strength of one visual motif emanating from the Pottery. I dropped by recently to find a BBC film crew there – I hope that the results will encourage more people to discover her Picasso-like rumbustious diversity.

In 2009 I was searching for a source of local clay in Compton parish to work on a head of the former curator of The Watts Gallery, Richard Jefferies. This head is presently on loan to the Gallery which re-opens on 18th June 2011 after a multi-million pound restoration. Delivering the sculpture, it was clear just how important this collection is and the quality of both the restored and new spaces which house it and the light which permeates them; a remarkable blending of the old and the new. With the Watts Cemetery Chapel (below right) also thought by many to be of international importance – Compton is clearly a cultural hotspot nationally, but plenty have still not come across its riches.

Mary Watts started the Compton Pottery (which made the terracotta tiles for the chapel) using clay found at Limnerslease, the house next to her artist husband G.F. Watts‘ studio. Whilst this seam may have been exhausted, it seemed important to use local materials for this contemporary head, and I chanced upon the Brickfields Pottery after perusing OS maps and traipsing along stream banks searching for suitable material. On meeting the redoubtable Mary Wondrausch OBE, the plan became more complicated. The potter kindly mentioned a bag of clay quarried from work on the foundations of her house that I could have… but I left Compton feeling that it would be sacrilegious not to use the material for a sitting with the remarkable person I had just met.

However, the story is not complete. The small sack of Compton clay fortunately permitted both heads to emerge… and the careful hollowing of these terracottas before firing has left just enough clay for a third – suggesting the Compton diptych ought eventually to become a Triptych in the same manner as the 2008 Environment Triptych (left) featuring the scientist James Lovelock, philosopher Mary Midgley and writer Richard Mabey.

Please do contact me in confidence if you know someone with strong links to Compton who you think has been especially contributive to life and might provide a balance for the two existing heads.

The heads will be exhibited as part of a solo exhibition at University of Surrey’s Lewis Elton Gallery from 14th November until Christmas 2011. There will also be a Surrey Sculpture Society evening lecture at the University given by Jon Edgar on Weds 23rd November at 7.30pm, with a late opening of the exhibition beforehand.